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Issue 29, 2013
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Effect of oxide supports in stabilizing desirable Pt–Ni bimetallic structures for hydrogenation and reforming reactions

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Abstract

Previous surface science studies have shown that bimetallic surfaces often show unique activity for reactions involving the consumption and production of hydrogen, such as hydrogenation and reforming reactions, respectively. These two types of reactions require different bimetallic configurations. For example, for the Pt–Ni bimetallic system, the desirable structure is Pt-terminated for hydrogenation while Ni-terminated for reforming. In the current study, 1,3-butadiene hydrogenation and ethanol reforming were used as probe reactions to investigate the effect of oxide supports (γ-Al2O3 and TiO2) on the structural and catalytic properties of Pt–Ni catalysts. The supported catalysts were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). The reactions were carried out in a batch reactor equipped with a Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. For ethanol reforming, Pt–Ni/TiO2 showed higher activity than Pt–Ni/γ-Al2O3, and the Pt–Ni bimetallic catalyst outperformed the monometallic catalysts on TiO2 but not on γ-Al2O3. In contrast, for 1,3-butadiene hydrogenation, Pt–Ni/TiO2 showed much lower activity than Pt–Ni/γ-Al2O3. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of Pt–Ni nanoparticles on γ-Al2O3 and TiO2 were performed to provide possible explanations for the different modification effects of the two oxide supports.

Graphical abstract: Effect of oxide supports in stabilizing desirable Pt–Ni bimetallic structures for hydrogenation and reforming reactions

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Dec 2012, accepted on 25 Apr 2013 and first published on 26 Apr 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP44688C
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 12156-12164
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    Effect of oxide supports in stabilizing desirable Pt–Ni bimetallic structures for hydrogenation and reforming reactions

    T. Wang, G. Mpourmpakis, W. W. Lonergan, D. G. Vlachos and J. G. Chen, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 12156
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP44688C

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