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Issue 7, 2013
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Characterization of Cu-SSZ-13 NH3 SCR catalysts: an in situ FTIR study

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Abstract

The adsorption of CO and NO over Cu-SSZ-13 zeolite catalysts, highly active in the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3, was investigated by FTIR spectroscopy, and the results obtained were compared to those collected from other Cu-ion exchanged zeolites (Y,FAU and ZSM-5). Under low CO pressures and at room temperature (295 K), CO forms monocarbonyls exclusively on the Cu+ ions, while in the presence of gas phase CO dicarbonyls on Cu+ and adsorbed CO on Cu2+ centers form, as well. At low (cryogenic) sample temperatures, tricarbonyl formation on Cu+ sites was also observed. The adsorption of NO produces IR bands that can be assigned to nitrosyls bound to both Cu+ and Cu2+ centers, and NO+ species located in charge compensating cationic positions of the chabasite framework. On the reduced Cu-SSZ-13 samples the formation of N2O was also detected. The assignment of the adsorbed NOx species was aided by adsorption experiments with isotopically labeled 15NO. The movement of Cu ions from the sterically hindered six member ring position to the more accessible cavity positions as a result of their interaction with adsorbates (NO and H2O) was clearly evidenced. Comparisons of the spectroscopy data obtained in the static transmission IR system to those collected in the flow-through diffuse reflectance cell points out that care must be taken when general conclusions are drawn about the adsorptive and reactive properties of metal cation centers based on a set of data collected under well defined, specific experimental conditions.

Graphical abstract: Characterization of Cu-SSZ-13 NH3 SCR catalysts: an in situ FTIR study

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Oct 2012, accepted on 11 Dec 2012 and first published on 11 Dec 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP43467A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 2368-2380
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    Characterization of Cu-SSZ-13 NH3 SCR catalysts: an in situ FTIR study

    J. Szanyi, J. H. Kwak, H. Zhu and C. H. F. Peden, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 2368
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CP43467A

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