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Issue 43, 2013
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NMR crystallography of sodium diphosphates: combining dipolar, shielding, quadrupolar, diffraction, and computational information

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Abstract

The crystal structures of two sodium diphosphates (Na4P2O7 and Na3HP2O7·H2O) that were solved using diffraction methods are refined with the use of 23Na and 31P NMR data in conjunction with projector-augmented-wave density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The sodium cations' NMR parameters are shown to be particularly well suited for the investigation of crystalline structures as they are largely dictated by the crystalline network instead of local directional bonding interactions. High-resolution spin-diffusion 23Na correlation spectra were acquired with the use of double rotation (DOR) and the spin diffusion build-up curves were modeled with the use of the rate matrix method. The availability of dipolar-based information from these measurements is important in validating the assignment of the resonances prior to performing structural refinements using the 23Na EFG tensor parameters. The NMR-refined structures of Na4P2O7 and Na3HP2O7·H2O are then cross-validated with the use of diffraction and magnetic shielding tensor information and are compared to the pure DFT and X-ray diffraction structures. A new crystal structure of Na3HP2O7·9H2O is solved using single-crystal X-ray diffraction and is compared to the refined crystal structures of Na3HP2O7·H2O. The combination of methods used in this work ensures consistency of the final structures with all available data.

Graphical abstract: NMR crystallography of sodium diphosphates: combining dipolar, shielding, quadrupolar, diffraction, and computational information

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 May 2013, accepted on 31 Jul 2013 and first published on 01 Aug 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE40875B
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 8727-8738
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    NMR crystallography of sodium diphosphates: combining dipolar, shielding, quadrupolar, diffraction, and computational information

    F. A. Perras, I. Korobkov and D. L. Bryce, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 8727
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE40875B

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