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Issue 16, 2013
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Correlation between 13C chemical shifts and the halogen bonding environment in a series of solid para-diiodotetrafluorobenzene complexes

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Abstract

The co-crystallization of para-diiodotetrafluorobenzene (p-DITFB) with ammonium and phosphonium halide (Cl and Br) salts afforded four new compounds, [(n-Bu4PCl)(p-DITFB)] (2), [(n-Bu4NBr)(p-DITFB)] (3), [(n-Bu4PBr)(p-DITFB)] (4), and [(EtPh3PBr)2(p-DITFB)] (5), that exhibit moderately strong halogen bonding interactions. They have been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and 13C solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR) spectroscopy in magnetic fields of 9.4 and 21.1 T. The X-ray crystallography shows that in 2, 3, and 4, the halide is ditopic and forms long polymeric zigzag chains, whereas the bromide in 5 forms a dianionic species when involved in halogen bonding interactions. The NMR data, when combined with zeroth-order regular approximation density functional theory (ZORA–DFT) calculations, provide insight into the relationship between the strength of the halogen bond and the 13C isotropic chemical shift. When the carbon–iodine bond length increases, the 13C chemical shift also increases. Further insights into the relationship between halogen bonding and the 13C chemical shifts are obtained through additional systematic ZORA–DFT calculations as a function of the halogen bonding environment.

Graphical abstract: Correlation between 13C chemical shifts and the halogen bonding environment in a series of solid para-diiodotetrafluorobenzene complexes

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Oct 2012, accepted on 17 Jan 2013 and first published on 18 Jan 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE26750D
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 3168-3177
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    Correlation between 13C chemical shifts and the halogen bonding environment in a series of solid para-diiodotetrafluorobenzene complexes

    J. Viger-Gravel, S. Leclerc, I. Korobkov and D. L. Bryce, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 3168
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE26750D

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