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Issue 6, 2013
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Porous tablets of crystalline calcium carbonate via sintering of amorphous nanoparticles

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Abstract

Porous tablets of crystalline calcium carbonate were formed upon sintering of a precursor powder of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) under compressive stress (20 MPa) at relatively low temperatures (120–400 °C), induced by pulsed direct currents. Infrared spectroscopy ascertained the amorphous nature of the precursor powders. At temperatures of 120–350 °C and rates of temperature increase of 20–100 °C min−1, the nanoparticles of ACC transformed into crystallites of mainly aragonite, which is generally difficult to achieve using wet-chemicals under kinetic control. The amorphous precursor particles (∼10 nm) transformed into crystallites (∼30–50 nm) during sintering. Consistently, the specific surface areas of 140–160 m2 g−1 for the precursor particles were reduced to 10–20 m2 g−1 for the porous tablets. The porous network within the tablets consisted of fused aragonite and vaterite particles in a ratio of ∼80 : 20. The fraction of aragonite to vaterite was invariant to the temperature and rate of temperature change used. The particle size increased only to a small amount on an increased rate of temperature change. At temperatures above 400 °C, porous tablets of calcite formed. The later transformation was under thermodynamic control, and led to a minor reduction of the specific surface area. The size of the crystallites remained small and the transformation to calcite appeared to be a solid-state transformation. Porous, template- and binder-free tablets of calcium carbonate could find applications in for example, biology or water treatment.

Graphical abstract: Porous tablets of crystalline calcium carbonate via sintering of amorphous nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Oct 2012, accepted on 22 Nov 2012 and first published on 22 Nov 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CE26604K
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 1257-1263
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    Porous tablets of crystalline calcium carbonate via sintering of amorphous nanoparticles

    D. Gebauer, X. Liu, B. Aziz, N. Hedin and Z. Zhao, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 1257
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CE26604K

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