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Issue 13, 2013
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On-chip laser-induced DNA dehybridization

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Abstract

Detection of pathogens and relevant genetic markers using their nucleic acid signatures is extremely common due to the inherent specificity genomic sequences provide. One approach for assaying a sample simultaneously for many different targets is the DNA microarray, which consists of several million short nucleic acid sequences (probes) bound to an inexpensive transparent substrate. Typically, complex samples hybridize to the microarray and the pattern of fluorescing probes on the microarray's surface identifies the detected targets. In the case of evolving or newly emergent organisms, a hybridization pattern can occur that differs from any previously known sources. When this happens it can be useful to recover the hybridized DNA from the binding locations of interest for sequencing. Here we present the novel utilization of a focused Infrared (IR) laser to heat user-selected spots on the DNA microarray surface, causing only localized dehybridization and recovery of the desired DNA into an elution buffer where it is available for subsequent amplification or sequencing. The introduction of a focused dehybridization method for spots of interest suppresses the amount of background DNA to be analyzed from downstream processes, and should reduce subsequent sequence assembly errors. This technique could also be applied to high-density protein microarrays where the desire to locally heat spots for release of bound molecules is desired.

Graphical abstract: On-chip laser-induced DNA dehybridization

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Feb 2013, accepted on 09 May 2013 and first published on 09 May 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3AN00288H
Citation: Analyst, 2013,138, 3692-3696
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    On-chip laser-induced DNA dehybridization

    E. K. Wheeler, B. R. Baker, W. T. Piggott, S. L. Mabery, C. A. Hara, J. DeOtte, W. Benett, E. V. Mukerjee, J. Dzenitis and N. R. Beer, Analyst, 2013, 138, 3692
    DOI: 10.1039/C3AN00288H

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