Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance upgrade on Thursday 4th of May 2017 from 8.00am to 9.00am (BST).

During this time our websites will be offline temporarily. If you have any questions please use the feedback button on this page. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.

Issue 5, 2012
Previous Article Next Article

pH-induced mechanistic changeover from hydroxyl radicals to iron(IV) in the Fenton reaction

Author affiliations


A major pathway in the reaction between Fe(II) and H2O2 at pH 6–7 in non-coordinating buffers exhibits inverse kinetic dependence on [H+] and leads to oxidation of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to dimethyl sulfone (DMSO2). This step regenerates Fe(II) and makes the oxidation of DMSO catalytic, a finding that strongly supports Fe(IV) as a Fenton intermediate at near-neutral pH. This Fe(IV) is a less efficient oxidant for DMSO at pH 6–7 than is (H2O)5FeO2+, generated by ozone oxidation of Fe(H2O)62+, in acidic solutions. Large concentrations of DMSO are needed to achieve significant turnover numbers at pH ≥ 6 owing to the rapid competing reaction between Fe(II) and Fe(IV) that leads to irreversible loss of the catalyst. At pH 6 and ≤0.02 mM Fe(II), the ratio of apparent rate constants for the reactions of Fe(IV) with DMSO and with Fe(II) is ∼104. The results at pH 6–7 stand in stark contrast with those reported previously in acidic solutions where the Fenton reaction generates hydroxyl radicals. Under those conditions, DMSO is oxidized stoichiometrically to methylsulfinic acid and ethane. This path still plays a role (1–10%) at pH 6–7.

Graphical abstract: pH-induced mechanistic changeover from hydroxyl radicals to iron(iv) in the Fenton reaction

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jan 2012, accepted on 14 Feb 2012 and first published on 15 Feb 2012

Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C2SC20099F
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2012,3, 1594-1599
  •   Request permissions

    pH-induced mechanistic changeover from hydroxyl radicals to iron(IV) in the Fenton reaction

    H. Bataineh, O. Pestovsky and A. Bakac, Chem. Sci., 2012, 3, 1594
    DOI: 10.1039/C2SC20099F

Search articles by author