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Issue 25, 2012
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Iron-containing nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, and environmental applications

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Abstract

Available data on the iron-containing nanomaterials are reviewed. Main attention is paid to the following themes: synthetic methods, structures, composition and properties of the nano zerovalent iron (NZVI), and polymorphic forms of iron oxides and FeOOH. Synthetic methods summarized here include a series of physico-chemical methods such as microwave heating, electrodeposition, laser ablation, radiolytical techniques, arc discharge, metal-membrane incorporation, pyrolysis, combustion, reverse micelle and co-deposition routes. We have also included a few “greener” methods. Coated, doped, supported with polymers or inert inorganic materials, core–shell nanostructures, in particular those of iron and its oxides with gold, are discussed. Studies of remediation involving iron-containing nanomaterials are discussed and special attention is paid to the processes of remediation of organic contaminants (chlorine-containing pollutants, benzoic and formic acids, dyes) and inorganic cations (Zn(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II)) and anions (nitrates, bromates, arsenates). Water disinfection (against viruses and bacteria), toxicity and risks of iron nanomaterials application are also examined.

Graphical abstract: Iron-containing nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, and environmental applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Apr 2012, accepted on 23 Jul 2012 and first published on 25 Jul 2012


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C2RA20812A
Citation: RSC Adv., 2012,2, 9325-9358
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    Iron-containing nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, and environmental applications

    B. I. Kharisov, H. V. Rasika Dias, O. V. Kharissova, V. Manuel Jiménez-Pérez, B. Olvera Pérez and B. Muñoz Flores, RSC Adv., 2012, 2, 9325
    DOI: 10.1039/C2RA20812A

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