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Issue 16, 2012
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Chiral optofluidics: gigantic circularly polarized light enhancement of all-trans-poly(9,9-di-n-octylfluorene-2,7-vinylene) during mirror-symmetry-breaking aggregation by optically tuning fluidic media

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Abstract

Here we report the first chiral optofluidic system that enables the emergence and enhancement of chiroptical signals of μm-sized polymer particles from achiral all-trans-poly(9,9-di-n-octylfluorene-2,7-vinylene) (PFV) during mirror-symmetry-breaking aggregation due to the optically active fluidic media consisting of (R)-limonene (1R) and (S)-limonene (1S), chloroform and methanol. These results were proven by refractive index (RI) and specific rotation (SR) of the media as well as circular dichroism (CD), optical rotatory dispersion (ORD), circular polarised luminescence (CPL), UV-vis and photoluminescence spectral characteristics of PFV. For comparison, a triple bond linker poly[(9,9-di-n-octylfluoren-2,7-diyl)-alt-yleneethynylene] (PFE) aggregate, which is an analogue of PFV, did not show any CD-signals in the π–π* transition. Gaussian 03 (TD-DFT, B3LYP, 3-21G basis set) calculations of PFV and PFE trimer models suggested that PFV is CD-/CPL-silent helix due to an equal proportion of P- and M-helices in a double-well with a small barrier height, conversely, that PFE is inherently optically inactive due to non-helix conformation in a single-well. Under optimised chiral optofluid with specific RI values of 1.38–1.39, the μm-sized PFV particles showed a great enhancement in Kuhn's dissymmetry amplitudes by ∼1500 times compared to the computed value in helical models of PFV; the gCD at 473 nm reached +0.078 (1S) and −0.104 (1R), and the gCPL at 474 nm attained +0.056 (1S) and −0.077 (1R), while maintaining a high quantum yield (ΦPL) of 75–88% with a short PL lifetime of ∼0.5 ns. For comparison, as for six π-conjugated molecular aggregates with/without H–H repulsions, including trans-stilbene and diphenylacetyelene, with the help of the 1R-/1S-based media, any detectable CD signals were not observed. These results led to the idea that optically active π-conjugated polymers carrying longer alkyl side groups in a double-well potential may be needed to efficiently generate the corresponding optically active aggregates in the chiral tersolvents.

Graphical abstract: Chiral optofluidics: gigantic circularly polarized light enhancement of all-trans-poly(9,9-di-n-octylfluorene-2,7-vinylene) during mirror-symmetry-breaking aggregation by optically tuning fluidic media

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Mar 2012, accepted on 18 May 2012 and first published on 27 Jun 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2RA20430D
Citation: RSC Adv., 2012,2, 6663-6671
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    Chiral optofluidics: gigantic circularly polarized light enhancement of all-trans-poly(9,9-di-n-octylfluorene-2,7-vinylene) during mirror-symmetry-breaking aggregation by optically tuning fluidic media

    M. Fujiki, A. J. Jalilah, N. Suzuki, M. Taguchi, W. Zhang, M. M. Abdellatif and K. Nomura, RSC Adv., 2012, 2, 6663
    DOI: 10.1039/C2RA20430D

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