Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance upgrade on Thursday 4th of May 2017 from 8.00am to 9.00am (BST).

During this time our websites will be offline temporarily. If you have any questions please use the feedback button on this page. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.


Issue 16, 2012
Previous Article Next Article

Polyethylenimine-impregnated siliceous mesocellular foam particles as high capacity CO2 adsorbents

Author affiliations

Abstract

Siliceous mesostructured cellular foams (MCF) impregnated with polyethylenimine (PEI) of various molecular weights and structures were evaluated as CO2 adsorbents. The MCF solid support consisted of a well-defined interconnected three-dimensional mesoporous structure with large cell diameter of 30.3 nm and large window diameter of 11.3 nm, filled with polyethylenimine up to 70 weight percent or about 22.3% nitrogen atom by weight of the adsorbents. While other mesoporous solid supports lost their porosity after PEI impregnation, our MCF solid support maintained its pore volume over the range of 1.12 to 1.64 cm3 g−1. The importance of the porosity of PEI-impregnated MCF adsorbents for high capacity CO2 adsorbents was demonstrated. The highest CO2 sorption capacity (180.6 mg-CO2/g-adsorbent or 393.6 mg-CO2/g-PEI at 75 °C) was obtained for silica supports loaded with 50 weight percent branched PEI with average molecular weight of 600 g mol−1. Under dry atmospheric CO2 gas, this adsorbent reached the theoretical CO2 capacity of 0.50 mole-CO2 per mole-nitrogen within less than about 8 min, making this adsorbent one of the most effective CO2 adsorbents reported. Repeated multiple sorption cycles demonstrated good stability of this adsorbent for CO2 capture. The initial sorption kinetics determined the overall CO2 sorption capacity, which was limited by the formation of a carbamate layer as a result of the CO2–PEI complexation that due to inhibition of CO2 diffusion; the kinetics of “ionic” gelation of the impregnated PEI by CO2 controlled the overall performance of the CO2 adsorbents. At 75 °C, the operating temperature favored the molecular mobility of PEI and unrestricted diffusion of CO2 to allow the theoretical CO2 capacity of the PEI to be attained. Lower temperatures limited the mobilities of PEI and CO2 and the kinetics of “ionic” gel formation dominated, causing a lowered overall performance of the CO2 adsorbents. Overall, this study points to the importance of interconnected porous channel networks to optimize the performance of PEI-impregnated mesoporous silica particles.

Graphical abstract: Polyethylenimine-impregnated siliceous mesocellular foam particles as high capacity CO2 adsorbents

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jan 2012, accepted on 19 Apr 2012 and first published on 25 Apr 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2RA20149F
Citation: RSC Adv., 2012,2, 6509-6519
  •   Request permissions

    Polyethylenimine-impregnated siliceous mesocellular foam particles as high capacity CO2 adsorbents

    J. Zhao, F. Simeon, Y. Wang, G. Luo and T. A. Hatton, RSC Adv., 2012, 2, 6509
    DOI: 10.1039/C2RA20149F

Search articles by author