Studies of ion transfer across liquid membranes by electrochemical techniques
The fundamentals and recent advances in ion transfer across the interface between two immiscible electrolyte solutions (ITIES) are reviewed. The different strategies developed to overcome the limitations of the traditional experimental studies with ITIES and to broaden its scope of applications are discussed. Special attention is given to studies of ion transfer through liquid membranes which contain two ITIES, one or both of which can be polarized. Theoretical and experimental studies on the application of different galvanostatic and potentiostatic electrochemical techniques to the study of such systems are described, emphasizing their unique characteristics. The article also includes sections devoted to facilitated ion transfer, liquid/liquid micro-interfaces and the use of weakly supported media.