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Issue 47, 2012
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Evaluation of a 125I-labelled benzazepinone derived voltage-gated sodium channel blocker for imaging with SPECT

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Abstract

Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) are a family of transmembrane proteins that mediate fast neurotransmission, and are integral to sustain physiological conditions and higher cognitive functions. Imaging of VGSCs in vivo holds promise as a tool to elucidate operational functions in the brain and to aid the treatment of a wide range of neurological diseases. To assess the suitability of 1-benzazepin-2-one derived VGSC blockers for imaging, we have prepared a 125I-labelled analogue of BNZA and evaluated the tracer in vivo. In an automated patch-clamp assay, a diastereomeric mixture of the non-radioactive compound blocked the Nav1.2 and Nav1.7 VGSC isoforms with IC50 values of 4.1 ± 1.5 μM and 0.25 ± 0.07 μM, respectively. [3H]BTX displacement studies revealed a three-fold difference in affinity between the two diastereomers. Iodo-destannylation of a tin precursor with iodine-125 afforded the two diastereomerically pure tracers, which were used to assess binding to VGSCs in vivo by comparing their tissue distributions in mice. Whilst the results point to a lack of VGSC binding in vivo, SPECT imaging revealed highly localized uptake in the interscapular region, an area typically associated with brown adipose tissue, which in addition to high metabolic stability of the iodinated tracer, demonstrate the potential of 1-benzazepin-2-ones for in vivo imaging.

Graphical abstract: Evaluation of a 125I-labelled benzazepinone derived voltage-gated sodium channel blocker for imaging with SPECT

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Apr 2012, accepted on 16 Oct 2012 and first published on 16 Oct 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2OB26695D
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012,10, 9474-9480
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    Evaluation of a 125I-labelled benzazepinone derived voltage-gated sodium channel blocker for imaging with SPECT

    C. Pérez-Medina, N. Patel, M. Robson, A. Badar, M. F. Lythgoe and E. Årstad, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012, 10, 9474
    DOI: 10.1039/C2OB26695D

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