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Issue 47, 2012
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Pyrrole versus quinoline formation in the palladium catalyzed reaction of 2-alkynyl-3-bromothiophenes and 2-alkynyl-3-bromofurans with anilines. A combined experimental and computational study

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Abstract

Benzofuroquinolines were prepared by a new type of Pd catalyzed annulation reaction. In the first step, 2-alkynyl-3-bromobenzofurans were prepared by Sonogashira reactions of 2,3-dibromobenzofuran. Their Pd catalyzed reaction with electron-rich anilines afforded benzofuroquinolines by a domino C–N coupling/annulation process. This reaction proceeds as a C,N-cyclization via the nitrogen atom and the ortho-carbon of the aniline. Similarly, furoquinolines were prepared from 2,3-dibromofuran. In contrast, benzofuropyrroles and furopyrroles were formed by N,N-cyclization when electron-poor anilines were used. Earlier, we reported results related to the thiophene and benzothiophene series. Quinolines were formed from 2,3-dibromobenzothiophene when electron rich anilines were used. In contrast, pyrroles were obtained in the case of electron-poor anilines. On the other hand, pyrroles were generally obtained, not depending on the type of aniline, when 2,3-dibromothiophene was employed as the starting material. In the present article, a detailed DFT study related to the mechanism (quinoline versus pyrrole formation) is reported which provides a rationalization of the selectivities observed for the furan, benzofuran, thiophene and benzothiophene series and for the different selectivities observed for electron-rich and -poor anilines.

Graphical abstract: Pyrrole versus quinoline formation in the palladium catalyzed reaction of 2-alkynyl-3-bromothiophenes and 2-alkynyl-3-bromofurans with anilines. A combined experimental and computational study

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Aug 2012, accepted on 24 Oct 2012 and first published on 25 Oct 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2OB26689J
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012,10, 9464-9473
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    Pyrrole versus quinoline formation in the palladium catalyzed reaction of 2-alkynyl-3-bromothiophenes and 2-alkynyl-3-bromofurans with anilines. A combined experimental and computational study

    G. Ali Salman, R. Un Nisa, V. O. Iaroshenko, J. Iqbal, K. Ayub and P. Langer, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012, 10, 9464
    DOI: 10.1039/C2OB26689J

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