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CIHIDECAR-CONICET-UBA, Departamento de Química Orgánica, FCEN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón II, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428-Buenos Aires, Argentina
; Tel: +54 11 4576 3352
Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012,10, 8884-8894
17 Jul 2012,
19 Sep 2012
First published online
20 Sep 2012
The ring-opening reaction of sugar 3,4-epoxides by 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-1-thio-β-D-galactopyranose (7) as a nucleophile led to (1 → 3)- and (1 → 4)-thiodisaccharides. High regio- and diastereoselectivities were achieved in the synthesis of the per-O-acetyl derivative of the β-D-Galp-S-(1 → 4)-4-thio-α-D-Glcp-O-iPr (10). Analogues of the 4-thiolactoside 10 have been prepared, with the β-D-Galp non-reducing end S-linked to D-Glcp, D-Gulp and D-Idop. A similar regioselective attack of 7 on C-4 of 2-propyl 3,6-di-O-acetyl-3,4-epithio-α-D-galactopyranoside (6) led to 2-propyl 3,4-dithiolactoside derivative 15. During this reaction the free 3-SH group of 15 underwent oxidative dimerization or oxidative coupling with the SH function of 7 to give the respective disulfides. Glycosylation of the thiol group of 15 using trichloroacetimidate derivatives of β-D-Galp or β-D-Galf afforded the corresponding branched dithiotrisaccharides. The free compounds were evaluated as inhibitors of the E. coli β-galactoside. The bis(2-propyl 3,4-dithiolactosid-3-yl)-disulfide, obtained from 15, displayed the strongest inhibitory activity in these series of glycomimetics and proved to be a non-competitive inhibitor (Ki = 95 μM).
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Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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