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The cell wall phosphomannan of Candida species is a complex N-linked glycoprotein with a glycan chain containing predominantly an α-linked mannose backbone with α-mannose branches. A minor β-mannan component is attached to the branches either via a glycosidic bond (acid stable β-mannan) or a phosphodiester bond (acid-labile β-mannan). The α-mannan residues of the cell wall phosphomannan do not afford protective antibody, while the β-mannan portion is a protective antigen and has become an attractive target as the key epitope of a conjugate vaccine. We report the first synthesis of a tetrasaccharide 1 consisting of a β1,2-mannopyranosyl trisaccharide linked via a phosphodiester to methyl α-mannopyranoside. This encompasses the attachment site of the acid labile β-mannan to the α-mannan component of the cell wall phosphomannan. The trisaccharide was formed by an iterative process to first create a β-glucopyranoside linkage and then epimerize the C-2 center via an oxidation–reduction sequence. The phosphate diester linkage was accessed via an anomeric H-phosphonate. The binding of phosphomannan fragment 1 with the protective antibody C3.1 has been evaluated and compared with a β-mannotrioside in hapten inhibition experiments. The observed activities are rationalized with a model for 1 docked in the binding site of C3.1.
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Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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