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Facile coupling of propargylic, allylic and benzylic alcohols with allylsilane and alkynylsilane, and their deoxygenation with Et3SiH, catalyzed by Bi(OTf)3 in [BMIM][BF4] ionic liquid (IL), with recycling and reuse of the IL
Allyltrimethylsilane (allyl-TMS) reacts with propargylic alcohols 1a–1d in the presence of 10% Bi(OTf)3 in [BMIM][BF4] solvent to furnish the corresponding 1,5-enynes in respectable isolated yields (87–93%) at room temperature. The utility of Bi(OTf)3 as a superior catalyst was demonstrated in a survey study on coupling of allyl-TMS with 1a employing several metallic triflates (Bi, Ln, Al, Yb) as well as, B(C6F5)3, Zn(NTf2)2 and Bi(NO3)3·5H2O. Coupling of cyclopropyl substituted propargylic alcohol 1e with allyl-TMS gave the skeletally intact 1,5-enyne and a ring opened derivative as a mixture. Coupling of propargylic/allylic alcohol 1f with allyl-TMS resulted in allylation at both benzylic (2 isomers) and propargylic positions, as major and minor products respectively. The scope of this methodology for allylation of a series of allylic and benzylic alcohols was explored. Chemoselective reduction of a host of propargylic, propagylic/allylic, bis-allylic, allylic, and benzylic alcohols with Et3SiH was achieved in high yields with short reaction times. The same approach was successfully applied to couple representative propargylic and allylic alcohols with 1-phenyl-2-trimethylsilylacetylene. The recovery and reuse of the ionic liquid (IL) was gauged in a case study with minimal decrease in isolated yields after six cycles.