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Issue 4, 2012
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Visible to near-infrared light harvesting in Ag2S nanoparticles/ZnO nanowire array photoanodes

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Abstract

Pronounced absorption in the visible-NIR range of 400–1300 nm is demonstrated in the Ag2S nanoparticles (NPs)/ZnO nanowire (NW) array. ZnO NW arrays are grown on indium tin oxide substrates using chemical bath deposition. The Ag2S NPs are sequentially formed on the ZnO NWs through sonochemical synthesis. Structural characterizations indicate the slight deconstruction of surface of ZnO NWs during Ag2S NPs formation. By employing polysulfide electrolyte, short-circuit current (Jsc), open-circuit voltage and therefore the efficiency of the Ag2S NP-sensitized ZnO NW solar cell are improved with increasing the initial sulfur concentration in the sulfur–polysulfide electrolyte. The Ag2S NP-sensitized ZnO NW solar cell shows a conversion efficiency of 0.49% with a superior Jsc of ∼13.7 mA cm−2 under AM 1.5 illumination at 100 mW cm−2. Incident photon conversion efficiency measurements reveal that Ag2S NPs contribute to 33.4% and 65.2% of Jsc in the wavelength ranges of 400–700 nm and 700–1300 nm, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Visible to near-infrared light harvesting in Ag2S nanoparticles/ZnO nanowire array photoanodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Nov 2011, accepted on 03 Jan 2012 and first published on 06 Jan 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2NR11705C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2012,4, 1368-1372
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    Visible to near-infrared light harvesting in Ag2S nanoparticles/ZnO nanowire array photoanodes

    J. Wu, R. Chang, D. Chen and C. Wu, Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 1368
    DOI: 10.1039/C2NR11705C

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