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Issue 11, 2012
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Solution-processed, nanostructured hybrid solar cells with broad spectral sensitivity and stability

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Abstract

Hybrid organic–inorganic solar cells, as an alternative to all-organic solar cells, have received significant attention for their potential advantages in combining the solution-processability and versatility of organic materials with high charge mobility and environmental stability of inorganic semiconductors. Here we report efficient and air-stable hybrid organic–inorganic solar cells with broad spectral sensitivity based on a low-gap polymer poly[2,6-(4,4-bis-(2-ethylhexyl)-4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b;3,4-b′]-dithiophene)-alt-4,7-(2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)] (PCPDTBT) and spherical CdSe nanoparticles. The solvents used for depositing the hybrid PCPDTBT:CdSe active layer were shown to strongly influence the film morphology, and subsequently the photovoltaic performance of the resulted solar cells. Appropriate post-deposition annealing of the hybrid film was also shown to improve the solar cell efficiency. The inclusion of a thin ZnO nanoparticle layer between the active layer and the metal cathode leads to a significant increase in device efficiency especially at long wavelengths, due to a combination of optical and electronic effects including more optimal light absorption in the active layer and elimination of unwanted hole leakage into the cathode. Overall, maximum power conversion efficiencies up to 3.7 ± 0.2% and spectral sensitivity extending above 800 nm were achieved in such PCPDTBT:CdSe nanosphere hybrid solar cells. Furthermore, the devices with a ZnO nanoparticle layer retained ∼70% of the original efficiency after storage under ambient laboratory conditions for over 60 days without any encapsulation.

Graphical abstract: Solution-processed, nanostructured hybrid solar cells with broad spectral sensitivity and stability

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jan 2012, accepted on 16 Mar 2012 and first published on 20 Mar 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2NR30210A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2012,4, 3507-3514
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    Solution-processed, nanostructured hybrid solar cells with broad spectral sensitivity and stability

    R. Zhou, Y. Zheng, L. Qian, Y. Yang, P. H. Holloway and J. Xue, Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 3507
    DOI: 10.1039/C2NR30210A

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