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Issue 4, 2012
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Dopant-induced 2D–3D transition in small Au-containing clusters: DFT-global optimisation of 8-atom Au–Ag nanoalloys

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Abstract

A genetic algorithm (GA) coupled with density functional theory (DFT) calculations is used to perform global optimisations for all compositions of 8-atom Au–Ag bimetallic clusters. The performance of this novel GA-DFT approach for bimetallic nanoparticles is tested for structures reported in the literature. New global minimum structures for various compositions are predicted and the 2D–3D transition is located. Results are explained with the aid of an analysis of the electronic density of states. The chemical ordering of the predicted lowest energy isomers are explained via a detailed analysis of the charge separation and mixing energies of the bimetallic clusters. Finally, dielectric properties are computed and the composition and dimensionality dependence of the electronic polarizability and dipole moment is discussed, enabling predictions to be made for future electric beam deflection experiments.

Graphical abstract: Dopant-induced 2D–3D transition in small Au-containing clusters: DFT-global optimisation of 8-atom Au–Ag nanoalloys

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Aug 2011, accepted on 26 Sep 2011 and first published on 19 Oct 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1NR11053E
Citation: Nanoscale, 2012,4, 1109-1115
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    Dopant-induced 2D–3D transition in small Au-containing clusters: DFT-global optimisation of 8-atom Au–Ag nanoalloys

    S. Heiles, A. J. Logsdail, R. Schäfer and R. L. Johnston, Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 1109
    DOI: 10.1039/C1NR11053E

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