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Issue 11, 2012
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Microreactor with integrated temperature control for the synthesis of CdSe nanocrystals

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Abstract

The recent needs in the nanosciences field have promoted the interest towards the development of miniaturized and highly integrated devices able to improve and automate the current processes associated with efficient nanomaterials production. Herein, a green tape based microfluidic system to perform high temperature controlled synthetic reactions of nanocrystals is presented. The device, which integrates both the microfluidics and a thermally controlled platform, was applied to the automated and continuous synthesis of CdSe quantum dots. Since temperature can be accurately regulated as required, size-controlled and reproducible quantum dots could be obtained by regulating this parameter and the molar ratio of precursors. The obtained nanocrystals were characterized by UV-vis and fluorescence spectrophotometry. The band width of the emission peaks obtained indicates a narrow size distribution of the nanocrystals, which confirms the uniform temperature profile applied for each synthetic process, being the optimum temperature at 270 °C (full width at half maximum = 40 nm). This approach allows a temperature controlled, easy, low cost and automated method to produce quantum dots in organic media, enhancing its application from laboratory-scale to pilot-line scale processes.

Graphical abstract: Microreactor with integrated temperature control for the synthesis of CdSe nanocrystals

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Jan 2012, accepted on 13 Apr 2012 and first published on 16 Apr 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2LC00011C
Citation: Lab Chip, 2012,12, 1979-1986
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    Microreactor with integrated temperature control for the synthesis of CdSe nanocrystals

    S. G. Pedro, C. S. Martínez-Cisneros, M. Puyol and J. Alonso-Chamarro, Lab Chip, 2012, 12, 1979
    DOI: 10.1039/C2LC00011C

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