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Issue 38, 2012
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Enhanced photoelectrochemical activity of an excitonic staircase in CdS@TiO2 and CdS@anatase@rutile TiO2 heterostructures

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Abstract

TiO2 nanorod arrays grown on conductive substrates were converted using chemical strategies into CdS@TiO2 and CdS@anatase@rutile TiO2 heterostructures to fabricate visible-light harvesting assemblies. Compared to pure TiO2 nanorods, CdS@TiO2 heterostructures evidently extended the absorption edge and exhibited enhanced photoelectrochemical (PEC) response in the visible region. Further enhancement of PEC performance was achieved by introducing an intermediate anatase TiO2 layer in the CdS@rutile TiO2 heterostructures. An excitonic cascade of band alignment (CdS, anatase-TiO2 and rutile-TiO2) was constituted by arranging different semiconductors in order to align the edges of their conducting band, which improved charge separation and suppressed the recombination processes by facilitating the transfer of forward electrons and limiting the reverse processes due to spatial separation of the electron and hole in different material regions.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced photoelectrochemical activity of an excitonic staircase in CdS@TiO2 and CdS@anatase@rutile TiO2 heterostructures

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 May 2012, accepted on 10 Aug 2012 and first published on 13 Aug 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM33404F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 20472-20476
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    Enhanced photoelectrochemical activity of an excitonic staircase in CdS@TiO2 and CdS@anatase@rutile TiO2 heterostructures

    J. Li, M. W. G. Hoffmann, H. Shen, C. Fabrega, J. D. Prades, T. Andreu, F. Hernandez-Ramirez and S. Mathur, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 20472
    DOI: 10.1039/C2JM33404F

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