Methane storage in metal organic frameworks
In this applications article (116 references), the use and viability of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) for natural gas storage is critically examined through an overview of the current state of the field. These smart materials can be tuned to deliver best performance according to demand, as a function of temperature, desired storage pressure and mandated fill/release rates. Whilst the chemistry behind optimising natural gas storage performance in MOFs is highlighted, it is contextualised to the specific application in vehicular transport, and the best means of testing performance parameters are canvassed. Future applications of MOFs with natural gas are also discussed.