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Issue 23, 2012
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Versatile double hydrophilic block copolymer: dual role as synthetic nanoreactor and ionic and electronic conduction layer for ruthenium oxide nanoparticle supercapacitors

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Abstract

The facile synthetic approach to ruthenium oxide nanoparticles using double hydrophilic block copolymers (DHBCs) and their application toward the supercapacitor are presented. Nanostructured hydrous ruthenium oxide (RuO2) nanoparticles are synthesized using a double hydrophilic block copolymer of poly(ethylene oxide)-block-poly(acrylic acid) (PEO-b-PAA) as a template, forming a micelle upon addition of the ruthenium precursor, which then transformed into RuO2 nanoparticles of controlled dimension with reducing agents. The synthesized hydrous RuO2·xH2O nanoparticles are very stable for several months without any noticeable aggregates. Furthermore, we have demonstrated their utility in application as supercapacitors. Through annealing at 400 °C, we found that the crystallinity of RuO2 nanoparticles increases considerably with a simultaneous transformation of the surrounding double hydrophilic block copolymer into ionic and electronic conducting buffer layers atop RuO2 nanoparticles, which contribute to the significant enhancement of the overall specific capacitance from 106 to 962 F g−1 at 10 mV s−1. The RuO2 nanoparticles annealed at 400 °C also exhibit a superior retention of capacitance over 1000 cycles at very high charge–discharge rates at 20 A g−1. We envision that the double hydrophilic block copolymer will provide a facile and general tool in creating functional nanostructures with controlled dimensions that are useful for various applications.

Graphical abstract: Versatile double hydrophilic block copolymer: dual role as synthetic nanoreactor and ionic and electronic conduction layer for ruthenium oxide nanoparticle supercapacitors

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Feb 2012, accepted on 04 Apr 2012 and first published on 04 Apr 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM30738C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 11598-11604
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    Versatile double hydrophilic block copolymer: dual role as synthetic nanoreactor and ionic and electronic conduction layer for ruthenium oxide nanoparticle supercapacitors

    E. Seo, T. Lee, K. T. Lee, H. Song and B. Kim, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 11598
    DOI: 10.1039/C2JM30738C

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