Department of Chemistry and Key Lab of Organic Phosphorus and Chemical Biology of Chinese Education Commission, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China
J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 12810-12816
12 Mar 2012,
30 Apr 2012
First published online
30 Apr 2012
Nanoporous nitrogen doped carbon was used to modify the surfaces of graphene sheets by carbonizing a mixture of graphene oxide and phenol–melamine–formaldehyde (PMF) pre-polymer in the presence of a soft template (F127). The resulting graphene based composite sheets (G-PMFs) have a sandwich structure with one graphene layer and two nanoporous nitrogen-doped carbon layers. G-PMFs have large specific surface areas of 190 to 630 m2 g−1 and exhibited high electrocatalytic activity, good durability and high selectivity for the oxygen reduction reaction. The performance of the Zn–air fuel cell with a G-PMF anode was tested and found to be comparable to that of the Zn–air cell with a commercial Pt/C anode. Thus, these metal-free catalysts are promising for applications in practical fuel cells.
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Journal of Materials Chemistry
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