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Issue 25, 2012
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Halogenated two-dimensional germanium: candidate materials for being of Quantum Spin Hall state

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Abstract

The electronic band structure of halogenated germanene in the presence of spin–orbit coupling is investigated using first-principles calculations. Our results demonstrate that, compared with pure germanene, the π and π* bands of germanene adsorbed with Cl, Br and I remain crossed at the Fermi level – despite the crossing point shifting from K to Γ points. Moreover, we find that appreciable gaps in halogenated germanene can be opened at Dirac-like points, several orders of magnitude larger than that in pure germanene due to the robust spin–orbit coupling; for example, Cl, Br and I yield a SOC-induced gap of 86 meV, 237 meV and 162 meV at Γ points, respectively. In addition, since the germanene would be unstable at ambient conditions due to the dangling unsaturated Ge bonds, the manufacture of fully halogenated germanene with a robust spin–orbit coupling effect is more feasible than that of germanene experimentally. Therefore, our work may provide a potential avenue to observe the Quantum Spin Hall Effect at room temperature.

Graphical abstract: Halogenated two-dimensional germanium: candidate materials for being of Quantum Spin Hall state

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Feb 2012, accepted on 30 Apr 2012 and first published on 01 May 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM30960B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 12587-12591
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    Halogenated two-dimensional germanium: candidate materials for being of Quantum Spin Hall state

    Y. Ma, Y. Dai, C. Niu and B. Huang, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 12587
    DOI: 10.1039/C2JM30960B

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