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Issue 10, 2012
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Determination of selenium by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry using dispersive solid-phase microextraction with multiwalled carbon nanotubes as solid sorbent

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Abstract

A dispersive solid-phase microextraction (DSPME) with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as solid sorbent and ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC) as chelating agent was developed for determination of selenium. In the proposed procedure, the Se(IV)–APDC complex is adsorbed on MWCNTs dispersed in aqueous samples. After the adsorption process, the aqueous samples are filtered and MWCNTs with selenium chelate are collected onto a filter. The loaded filters are directly measured using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry. In order to obtain high recovery of the Se ions on MWCNTs, the proposed procedure was optimized for various analytical parameters such as pH, amounts of MWCNTs and APDC, sample volume and time of the sorption process. Under optimized conditions Se ions can be determined with very good recovery (97 ± 3%), precision (RSD = 3.2%) and detection limits (from 0.06 to 0.2 ng mL−1, depending on counting time and XRF equipment). The effect of common coexisting ions was also investigated. Se(IV) can be determined in the presence of heavy metal ions and alkali metals. The chemical interferences observed for high concentrations of Cu(II), Fe(III), and Zn(II) can be completely eliminated using precipitation with NaOH. The proposed method was applied for the determination of Se in mineral water and biological samples (Lobster Hepatopancreas). The proposed method can also be applied for selenium speciation. The concentration of selenate can be obtained as the difference between the concentration of selenite after and before prereduction of selenate to selenite.

Graphical abstract: Determination of selenium by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry using dispersive solid-phase microextraction with multiwalled carbon nanotubes as solid sorbent

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Jun 2012, accepted on 19 Jul 2012 and first published on 10 Aug 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2JA30179B
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2012,27, 1688-1693
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    Determination of selenium by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry using dispersive solid-phase microextraction with multiwalled carbon nanotubes as solid sorbent

    R. Skorek, E. Turek, B. Zawisza, E. Marguí, I. Queralt, M. Stempin, P. Kucharski and R. Sitko, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2012, 27, 1688
    DOI: 10.1039/C2JA30179B

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