Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance upgrade on Thursday 4th of May 2017 from 8.00am to 9.00am (BST).

During this time our websites will be offline temporarily. If you have any questions please use the feedback button on this page. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.


Issue 5, 2012
Previous Article Next Article

Surface topography reconstruction by stereo-PIXE

Author affiliations

Abstract

A method of sample surface topography reconstruction is described based on the asymmetry in the X-ray yields acquired by a pair of X-ray detectors positioned at opposite sides of the probing beam. The yield asymmetries in the two simultaneously acquired elemental maps are caused by differences in the X-ray absorption along the X-ray exit route in the sample with a topographically structured surface. The approach presented introduces an asymmetry factor of the X-ray intensity in each of the image pixels to obtain an image asymmetry matrix. The dependence of the asymmetry factor on the local target inclination in the detector plane is calculated for a flat sample surface model. The image asymmetry matrix is then converted into the local inclination angle matrix. As the last step, the surface topography is then reconstructed from the local inclination angle. The method is based on X-ray absorption phenomena and could be applied equivalently in X-ray elemental mapping methods using excitation beams with a well-defined direction in the sample. This includes micro-X-Ray Fluorescence analysis (micro-XRF) and micro-Proton Induced X-ray Emission (micro-PIXE). We demonstrated the method by topographic analysis of engraved metallic samples with stereo-PIXE and compared it with the results of stylus profilometry. The smallest value of the X-ray production depth and the characteristic X-ray attenuation length determines the lateral resolution of the proposed topography reconstruction method.

Graphical abstract: Surface topography reconstruction by stereo-PIXE

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Publication details

The article was received on 15 Dec 2011, accepted on 09 Mar 2012 and first published on 12 Mar 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2JA10373G
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2012,27, 834-840
  •   Request permissions

    Surface topography reconstruction by stereo-PIXE

    E. G. Hatam, P. Pelicon, M. Lamehi-Rachti, P. Vavpetič, O. Kakuee, N. Grlj, M. Čekada and V. Fathollahi, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2012, 27, 834
    DOI: 10.1039/C2JA10373G

Search articles by author