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Issue 8, 2012
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Spatiotemporal coordinated hierarchical properties of cellular protrusion revealed by multiscale analysis

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Abstract

We present a methodology for integrative multiscale analysis to highlight hierarchical properties of cellular protrusion and mechanochemical interactions in cellular protrusion based on live cell imaging data with high spatiotemporal resolution. As an appropriate experimental system, we selected non-polarized full-moon-shaped keratocytes that present balanced protrusion around the entire cell periphery at the cellular scale simultaneously with active protrusion and retraction at the subcellular scale. We achieved the observation of a whole cell with sub-micrometer spatial precision and sub-second time resolution for three minutes or more. The multiscale characteristics of cell peripheral activity and those of the cell peripheral shape were extracted from an identical image sequence by estimating the cell protrusion rates and the cell peripheral curvatures at various differential intervals. The spatiotemporal maps of the cell protrusion rates demonstrated a spatiotemporally nested structure of travelling waves of active protruding regions at the cellular and subcellular scales. Moreover, correlation analysis demonstrated the relationship between the cell protrusion rate and peripheral curvature at the subcellular scale. The novel integrative methodology presented here well highlighted the hierarchical properties of organized cellular protrusion, and further provided insight about the underlying mechanochemical interactions between the cell membrane and the actin filaments under the membrane.

Graphical abstract: Spatiotemporal coordinated hierarchical properties of cellular protrusion revealed by multiscale analysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jan 2012, accepted on 29 Apr 2012 and first published on 02 May 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2IB20013A
Citation: Integr. Biol., 2012,4, 875-888
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    Spatiotemporal coordinated hierarchical properties of cellular protrusion revealed by multiscale analysis

    H. Miyoshi and T. Adachi, Integr. Biol., 2012, 4, 875
    DOI: 10.1039/C2IB20013A

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