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Issue 3, 2012
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Surface strontium enrichment on highly active perovskites for oxygen electrocatalysis in solid oxide fuel cells

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Abstract

Perovskite oxides have high catalytic activities for oxygen electrocatalysis competitive to platinum at elevated temperatures. However, little is known about the oxide surface chemistry that influences the activity near ambient oxygen partial pressures, which hampers the design of highly active catalysts for many clean-energy technologies such as solid oxide fuel cells. Using in situsynchrotron-based, ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to study the surface chemistry changes, we show that the coverage of surface secondary phases on a (001)-oriented La0.8Sr0.2CoO3−δ (LSC) film becomes smaller than that on an LSC powder pellet at elevated temperatures. In addition, strontium (Sr) in the perovskite structure enriches towards the film surface in contrast to the pellet having no detectable changes with increasing temperature. We propose that the ability to reduce surface secondary phases and develop Sr-enriched perovskite surfaces of the LSC film contributes to its enhanced activity for O2 electrocatalysis relative to LSC powder-based electrodes.

Graphical abstract: Surface strontium enrichment on highly active perovskites for oxygen electrocatalysis in solid oxide fuel cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Dec 2011, accepted on 05 Jan 2012 and first published on 12 Jan 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2EE03397F
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2012,5, 6081-6088
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    Surface strontium enrichment on highly active perovskites for oxygen electrocatalysis in solid oxide fuel cells

    E. J. Crumlin, E. Mutoro, Z. Liu, M. E. Grass, M. D. Biegalski, Y. Lee, D. Morgan, H. M. Christen, H. Bluhm and Y. Shao-Horn, Energy Environ. Sci., 2012, 5, 6081
    DOI: 10.1039/C2EE03397F

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