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Issue 15, 2012
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DNA binding and antiproliferative activity toward human carcinoma cells of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative

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Abstract

The interaction of calf thymus DNA with [CuL(ClO4)]ClO4·H2O (1) and [ZnLBr]Br·H2O (2) (L = 9,12,15,18,27,28-hexaaza-29-oxatetracyclo[24.2.1.02,7.020,25]enneicosa-2,4,6,20,22,24,26,281-octaene) dicationic complexes in aqueous solution at neutral pH, was investigated by variable-temperature UV-vis absorption, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The values of the DNA-binding constants of these complexes, determined by competitive binding spectrofluorimetric titrations of ethidium bromide (EB)–DNA solutions, are (6.7 ± 0.5) × 106 M−1 for CuL2+ and (4.7 ± 0.5) × 105 M−1 for ZnL2+. These data together with a through analysis of the spectroscopic behaviour consistently suggest that both compounds are effective DNA binders. Interestingly, the DNA-binding strength of these complexes has been found to be correlated to their in vitro cytotoxic activity toward human breast carcinoma cells, although the complex with lower DNA-binding affinity is more active. In fact, biological studies showed that when the compounds are delivered through the cell membrane by a lipidic carrier, the cell survival is sensibly reduced, up to 58% with 1 and to 31% with 2.

Graphical abstract: DNA binding and antiproliferative activity toward human carcinoma cells of copper(ii) and zinc(ii) complexes of a 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Sep 2011, accepted on 09 Jan 2012 and first published on 15 Feb 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2DT11759B
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2012,41, 4389-4395
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    DNA binding and antiproliferative activity toward human carcinoma cells of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative

    A. Terenzi, M. Fanelli, G. Ambrosi, S. Amatori, V. Fusi, L. Giorgi, V. Turco Liveri and G. Barone, Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 4389
    DOI: 10.1039/C2DT11759B

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