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Centre for Catalysis and Green Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, McGill University, 801 Sherbrooke St. W., Montreal, Canada
; Fax: +1 514 398 3797
; Tel: +1 514 398 4654
Dalton Trans., 2012,41, 13533-13540
07 Aug 2012,
13 Sep 2012
First published online
28 Sep 2012
Monodentate phosphine-functionalized phosphonium ionic liquids (PFILs) were employed as ligands for Rh complexes and used in the hydroformylation of higher alkenes. Three PFILs were designed by varying the length of the P-alkyl chain attached to the phosphonium moiety, for alkyl = methyl (1), butyl (2), octyl (3), in order to tune their solubility properties. In all PFILs, the phosphonium unit is linked to a diphenylphosphino functionality by an undecyl linker, with bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide as counter anion. These PFILs were combined with a Rh(I) precursor, [Rh(acac)(CO)2], to provide a biphasic hydroformylation catalyst for the transformation of 1-octene, 1-decene and 1-dodecene using tetradecyltributylphosphonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, [P4,4,4,14]NTf2 as a solvent. Good activities and excellent selectivities were obtained for these PFILs-Rh(I) complexes. Variation of the P-alkyl length in the PFIL ligand influenced the stability, catalytic activity and selectivity of the PFIL-stabilized catalyst.
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