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Issue 38, 2012
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Infrared spectroscopic and theoretical studies of the OTiF2, OZrF2 and OHfF2 molecules with terminal oxo ligands

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Abstract

The isolated group 4 metal oxydifluoride molecules OMF2 (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) with terminal oxo groups are produced specifically on the spontaneous reactions of metal atoms with OF2 through annealing in solid argon. The product structures and vibrational spectra are characterized using matrix isolation infrared spectroscopy as well as B3LYP density functional and CCSD(T) frequency calculations. OTiF2 is predicted to have a planar structure while both OZrF2 and OHfF2 possess pyramidal structures, all with singlet ground states. Three infrared absorptions are observed for each product molecule, one M–O and two M–F stretching modes, and assignments of these molecules are further supported by the corresponding 18O shifts. The molecular orbitals of the group 4 OMF2 molecules show triple bond character for the terminal oxo groups, which are also supported by an NBO analysis. These molecular orbitals include a σ bond (O2p + Tisd hybrid), a normal electron pair π bond (O2p + Tid), and a dative π bond arising from O lone pair donation to the overlapping Ti d orbital. The M–O bond dissociation energies for OMF2 are comparable to those in the diatomic oxide molecules. The OTiF intermediate is also observed through two slightly lower frequency bond stretching modes, and its yield is increased in complementary TiO + F2 experiments. Finally, the formation of group 4 OMF2 molecules is highly exothermic due to the weak O–F bonds in OF2 as well as the strong new MO and M–F bonds formed.

Graphical abstract: Infrared spectroscopic and theoretical studies of the OTiF2, OZrF2 and OHfF2 molecules with terminal oxo ligands

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Jun 2012, accepted on 26 Jul 2012 and first published on 30 Jul 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2DT31223A
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2012,41, 11706-11715
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    Infrared spectroscopic and theoretical studies of the OTiF2, OZrF2 and OHfF2 molecules with terminal oxo ligands

    Y. Gong, L. Andrews, C. W. Bauschlicher, K. S. Thanthiriwatte and D. A. Dixon, Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 11706
    DOI: 10.1039/C2DT31223A

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