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Issue 12, 2012
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Photocatalytic conversion of CO2 and H2O to fuels by nanostructured Ce–TiO2/SBA-15 composites

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Abstract

Cerium-doped titanium oxide (Ce–TiO2) nanoparticles were prepared by a simple sol–gel method. Ce-doping decreased the crystal size of TiO2, increased the catalyst surface area, and inhibited the growth of rutile TiO2 crystals. Ce–TiO2 nanoparticles were also dispersed on SBA-15, mesoporous silica with one-dimensional pores, forming a Ce–TiO2/SBA-15 nanocomposite. The nanocomposite materials were well characterized and tested as photocatalysts to convert CO2 and H2O to value-added fuels, mainly CO and CH4, under UV-vis illumination. Compared with pristine TiO2, TiO2 doped by 1 or 3% Ce improved the production of CO by four times. The reason may be due to the facilitated charge transfer induced by the doped Ce ions, the higher surface area of the catalyst, as well as the stabilization of anatase phase. However, too high a Ce concentration reduced the catalytic activity, likely due to the formation of recombination centers. Compared with unsupported Ce–TiO2, Ce–TiO2 supported on SBA-15 remarkably enhanced the CO2 reduction rate. Ce–TiO2/SBA-15 with a Ti : Si ratio of 1 : 4 demonstrated 8-fold enhancement in CO production and 115-fold enhancement in CH4 production. By contrast, amorphous silica as the substrate was much inferior to SBA-15. The findings in this work reveal a promising nanostructured catalyst material for solar fuel production using CO2 and H2O as the feedstock.

Graphical abstract: Photocatalytic conversion of CO2 and H2O to fuels by nanostructured Ce–TiO2/SBA-15 composites

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 May 2012, accepted on 11 Aug 2012 and first published on 14 Aug 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CY20346D
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2012,2, 2558-2568
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    Photocatalytic conversion of CO2 and H2O to fuels by nanostructured Ce–TiO2/SBA-15 composites

    C. Zhao, L. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Wang and Y. Li, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2012, 2, 2558
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CY20346D

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