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Instituto Universitario de Tecnología Química CSIC-UPV and Departamento de Química, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Av. De los Naranjos s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
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Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 5262-5284
18 Feb 2012,
First published online
13 Jun 2012
The present review describes the use of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) as porous matrices to embed metal nanoparticles (MNPs) and occasionally metal oxide clusters, which are subsequently used as heterogeneous catalysts. The review is organized according to the embedded metal including Pd, Au, Ru, Cu, Pt, Ni and Ag. Emphasis is also given in the various methodologies reported for the formation of the NPs and the characterization techniques. The reactions described with this type of solid catalysts include condensation, hydrogenations, carbon–carbon coupling, alcohol oxidations and methanol synthesis among others. Remaining issues in this field have also been indicated.
A review, with 167 references, describing a variety of reactions using metal nanoparticles embedded upon metal-organic frameworks as heterogeneous catalysts. Methodologies used to form the nanoparticles are also described.