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Issue 27, 2012
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Metal-substituted Ti8C12 metallocarbohedrynes: toward less reactive clusters as building blocks of cluster-assembled materials

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Abstract

To form cluster-assembled materials, the clusters should have low reactivity and be characterized by a closed-shell electronic configuration with a large gap between the highest occupied and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (HOMO–LUMO). Using spin-polarized density functional theory calculations, we investigate the M-substituted Ti8C12 metallocarbohedrynes to search for less reactive clusters as building blocks for cluster-assembled materials (M = Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba and Sc, Y). The selected atoms in the correct stoichiometry would produce a metallocarbohedryne that is isoelectronic with the Ti8C122+, which has a closed-shell electronic configuration and an enhanced HOMO–LUMO gap of 1.735 eV. According to our results, the HOMO–LUMO gaps of the M-substituted Ti8C12 metallocarbohedrynes are in the range of 0.715–0.979 eV for the case of Be, Mg, Ca, Sr and Ba and in the range of 0.865–1.294 eV for the case of Sc and Y. Among all the M-substituted metallocarbohedrynes we consider here, one of the isomers of Ti6Sc2C12 is not only energetically more favorable but also exhibits a larger HOMO–LUMO gap of 1.294 eV. This result indicates that the Ti6Sc2C12(4) metallocarbohedryne should be less reactive than the Ti8C12 metallocarbohedryne which has a narrow HOMO–LUMO gap of 0.146 eV. Moreover, we show that the intercluster interaction between two individual Ti6Sc2C12(4) metallocarbohedrynes is relatively weak compared to the Ti8C12 dimer.

Graphical abstract: Metal-substituted Ti8C12 metallocarbohedrynes: toward less reactive clusters as building blocks of cluster-assembled materials

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Feb 2012, accepted on 20 Apr 2012 and first published on 04 May 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40509A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 9642-9653
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    Metal-substituted Ti8C12 metallocarbohedrynes: toward less reactive clusters as building blocks of cluster-assembled materials

    C. Berkdemir, A. W. Castleman and J. O. Sofo, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 9642
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40509A

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