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Issue 19, 2012
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Guanidinium in aqueous solution studied by quantum mechanical charge field-molecular dynamics (QMCF-MD)

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Abstract

Structure and dynamics of guanidinium in aqueous solution were examined via a double zeta HF level Quantum Mechanical Charge Field-Molecular Dynamics (QMCF-MD) simulation, as well as two Molecular Mechanics-Molecular Dynamics (MM-MD) simulations, parametrised via the Amber99 parameter set, employing the side chain of arginine as a template. Coulombic parameters were fitted via Mulliken population data of the QM simulation, as well as via the recommended restrained electrostatic potential fit (RESP). Although guanidinium is one of the most weakly hydrated cations yet characterised, its hydration pattern is quite complex and pronounced in the quantum mechanical simulation. The positive charge is mainly located on the central carbon, resulting in strong solute–oxygen coordination. Hydrogen bonds are mainly donated by the amide hydrogens, but are also accepted via the nitrogens to a very low extent. Detailed analysis of structure and dynamics, comparing the applied QM and MM models, provides evidence that the arginine parametrisation leads to highly different results than the quantum mechanical treatment, and that the RESP parametrisation is too polarised.

Graphical abstract: Guanidinium in aqueous solution studied by quantum mechanical charge field-molecular dynamics (QMCF-MD)

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Nov 2011, accepted on 09 Mar 2012 and first published on 09 Mar 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP23497A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 7012-7027
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    Guanidinium in aqueous solution studied by quantum mechanical charge field-molecular dynamics (QMCF-MD)

    A. K. H. Weiss, T. S. Hofer, B. R. Randolf and B. M. Rode, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 7012
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CP23497A

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