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We report X-ray diffraction studies of water and carbon tetrachloride adsorbed in nanoporous activated carbon fibres. The fibres are built of turbostratic nanoparticles separated by quasi two-dimensional voids, forming narrow slit-shaped pores. In order to determine the structure of water within the pores and its influence on the fibres' structure, mean interatomic and intermolecular distances have been estimated from the positions of the maxima of the normalized angular distribution functions obtained by X-ray diffraction. We observe a cluster arrangement of the water molecules, as well as significant changes in the interlayer distance of the carbon nanoparticles upon adsorption of both water and carbon tetrachloride. The results suggest that very high pressures arise within the pores, as has been observed in molecular simulations, and this may give rise to the large change in electronic properties of the fibres after adsorption of guest molecules. The in-pore pressure normal to the pore walls is estimated from the experimental data, and is found to be positive and of the order 4000 bar. Molecular simulation results for the normal pressure component are presented for both water and carbon tetrachloride in carbon slit pores, and are in general agreement with the experiments. For both fluids the normal pressure is an oscillating function of pore width.
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Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
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