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Issue 1, 2012
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Ab initio and empirical defect modeling of LaMnOδ for solid oxide fuel cell cathodes

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Sr doped LaMnO3 is a perovskite widely used for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathodes. Therefore, there is significant interest in its defect chemistry. However, due to coupling of defect reactions and inadequate constraints of the defect reaction equilibrium constants obtained from thermogravimetry analysis, large discrepancies (up to 4 eV) exist in the literature for defect energetics for Sr doped LaMnO3. In this work we demonstrate how ab initio energetics and empirical modelling can be combined to develop a defect model for LaMnO3. Defect formation enthalpies, including concentration dependence due to defect interactions, are extracted from ab initio energies calculated at various defect concentrations. Defect formation entropies for the defect reactions in LaMnO3 involving O2−(solid) ↔ ½O2(gas) + 2e are shown to be accessible through combining the gas phase thermodynamics and simple models for the solid phase vibrational contributions. This simple treatment introduces a useful constraint on fitting defect formation entropies. The predicted defect concentrations from the model show good agreement with experimental oxygen nonstoichiometry vs.P(O2) for a wide range of temperatures (T = 873–1473 K), suggesting the effectiveness of the ab initio defect energetics in describing the defect chemistry of LaMnO3. Further incorporating a temperature dependent charge disproportionation energy within 0.0–0.2 eV, the model is capable of describing both defect chemistry and oxygen tracer diffusivity of LaMnO3. The model suggests an important role for defect interactions which are typically excluded from LaMnO3 defect models, and sensitivity of the oxygen defect concentration to the charge disproportionation energy in the high P(O2) region. Similar approaches to those used here can be used to model the defect chemistry for other complex oxides.

Graphical abstract: Ab initio and empirical defect modeling of LaMnO3±δ for solid oxide fuel cell cathodes

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The article was received on 22 Jul 2011, accepted on 26 Oct 2011 and first published on 14 Nov 2011

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22380A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 290-302
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    Ab initio and empirical defect modeling of LaMnOδ for solid oxide fuel cell cathodes

    Y. Lee and D. Morgan, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 290
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22380A

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