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Issue 14, 2012
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Facile fabrication and growth mechanism of 3D flower-like Fe3O4 nanostructures and their application as SERS substrates

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Abstract

A template-free solvothermal combined with precursor thermal transformation method has been developed for the preparation of flower-like Fe3O4 nanostructured hollow microspheres. The reaction mechanism and the self-assembly evolution process were studied, and it was found that the synthetic conditions for the precursor such as reaction time, urea concentration and non-aqueous media are all crucial for the formation of the flower-like hierarchical precursors. The flower-like Fe3O4 microspheres obtained by calcining the precursor in Ar gas exhibit superparamagnetic behavior and show relative high saturation magnetization at room temperature. To endow them with SERS activity, silver coating was conducted by magnetron sputtering. The obtained Fe3O4/Ag hybrid microflowers make a positive influence on the high sensitivity of SERS to 4-pyridinethiol (4-Mpy) and Rhodamine 6G (R6G) molecules when compared with the silver film substrates. More importantly, the detection limit of Fe3O4/Ag hybrid microflowers for R6G dye can reach up to 10−15 M, which meets the requirements of ultratrace detection of analytes using SERS. Thus, the SERS-active magnetic hybrids prepared in this work may possibly be used as an optical probe with magnetic function for application in high-sensitivity bioassays.

Graphical abstract: Facile fabrication and growth mechanism of 3D flower-like Fe3O4 nanostructures and their application as SERS substrates

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Feb 2012, accepted on 26 Apr 2012 and first published on 27 Apr 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CE25198A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2012,14, 4834-4842
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    Facile fabrication and growth mechanism of 3D flower-like Fe3O4 nanostructures and their application as SERS substrates

    Q. Gao, A. Zhao, Z. Gan, W. Tao, D. Li, M. Zhang, H. Guo, D. Wang, H. Sun, R. Mao and E. Liu, CrystEngComm, 2012, 14, 4834
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CE25198A

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