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Centre for Strategic Nano-fabrication, School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University Of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia
; Fax: +08 6488 8683
; Tel: +08 6488 3045
Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université du Quebec, 1650 Boul. Lionel Boulet, Varennes, Canada
; Fax: +1 (450) 929 8102
; Tel: +1 (514) 228 8246
CrystEngComm, 2012,14, 3446-3450
09 Dec 2011,
09 Mar 2012
First published online
12 Mar 2012
Diatoms have ordered three dimensional porous exoskeletons (frustules) comprised primarily of amorphous silica which can be used as templates for materials applications. Hydrolysis of titanium(IV) isopropoxide (TIP) in the presence of surface bound poly(4-vinyl pyridine) or citric acid results in the formation of anatase on the surface after calcining at 450 °C, however as shown with atomic force microscopy (AFM), different morphologies are formed. Citric acid preferentially resulted in a thin film of anatase over the surface of the frustule whereas poly(4-vinyl pyridine) resulted in the formation of nano-particles of anatase (90–100 nm) on the surface.
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