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Issue 46, 2012
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Routes to copper zinc tin sulfide Cu2ZnSnS4 a potential material for solar cells

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Abstract

Power generation through photovoltaics (PV) has been growing at an average rate of 40% per year over the last decade; but has largely been fuelled by conventional Si-based technologies. Such cells involve expensive processing and many alternatives use either toxic, less-abundant and or expensive elements. Kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) has been identified as a solar energy material composed of both less toxic and more available elements. Power conversion efficiencies of 8.4% (vacuum processing) and 10.1% (non-vacuum processing) from cells constructed using CZTS have been achieved to date. In this article, we review various deposition methods for CZTS thin films and the synthesis of CZTS nanoparticles. Studies of direct relevance to solar cell applications are emphasised and characteristic properties are collated.

Graphical abstract: Routes to copper zinc tin sulfide Cu2ZnSnS4 a potential material for solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Feb 2012, accepted on 30 Mar 2012 and first published on 02 Apr 2012


Article type: Feature Article
DOI: 10.1039/C2CC30792H
Citation: Chem. Commun., 2012,48, 5703-5714
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    Routes to copper zinc tin sulfide Cu2ZnSnS4 a potential material for solar cells

    K. Ramasamy, M. A. Malik and P. O'Brien, Chem. Commun., 2012, 48, 5703
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CC30792H

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