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Issue 10, 2011
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Interactions between large colloids and surfactants

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Abstract

The interfacial adsorption of an anionic SDS and a nonionic surfactant C12E5, above the cmc onto submicron-sized, negatively charged silica particles in aqueous solution has been investigated by using electrokinetics, conductometry and static light scattering. It was found that both surfactants are prone to being adsorbed onto the silica/water interface. Addition of C12E5 to the silica dispersion leads to a decrease in mobility. This reduced surface charge causes a decrease in the stability of the silica particles. Surprisingly, the addition of SDS brings about an increase in the negative electrophoretic mobility of the anionic silica particles, leading to a super-charging effect. Subsequent addition of C12E5 gives rise to even higher negative electrophoretic mobilities. This unexpected hyper-charging effect can only be understood as a cooperative effect based on mixed micelles of C12E5 and non-adsorbed SDS. Not so unexpectedly, the sequence of surfactant addition was found to be decisive, as quite different results are obtained when C12E5 is added before SDS.

Graphical abstract: Interactions between large colloids and surfactants

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Feb 2011, accepted on 29 Mar 2011 and first published on 15 Apr 2011


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C1SM05177F
Citation: Soft Matter, 2011,7, 4619-4622
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    Interactions between large colloids and surfactants

    G. R. Iglesias, W. Wachter, S. Ahualli and O. Glatter, Soft Matter, 2011, 7, 4619
    DOI: 10.1039/C1SM05177F

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