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Issue 11, 2011
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A trigonal and hindered tertiary phosphine ligand rendered anionic by a niobate anchor: Formation of zwitterionic M(I) (M = Cu, Ag, Au, Rh) complexes

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Abstract

Treatment of terminal phosphide anion [PNb(N[Np]Ar)3] ([Na(OEt2)]+ salt, Ar = 3,5-Me2C6H3) with two diphenylketene equivalents led to isolation of anion [P(C{CPh2}O)2Nb(N[Np]Ar)3] in 78% yield as its [Na(THF)]+ salt. The latter reacts with diphenylketene (1 equiv) to provide the triple diphenylketene addition product [P(C{CPh2}O)3Nb(N[Np]Ar)3] in 88% yield as its [Na(THF)]+ salt; the same material is obtained alternatively in 93% yield by reaction of diphenylketene (3 equiv) directly with niobium phosphide [Na(OEt2)][PNb(N[Np]Ar)3]. The anion [P(C{CPh2}O)3Nb(N[Np]Ar)3] was also crystallized as its ion-separated [Na(THF)6]+ salt as illuminated by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study, which also revealed the three-fold symmetric nature of the highly hindered tertiary phosphine comprising the anionic component. Coinage metal monocations of the new, anionic phosphine were prepared via salt elimination; structural studies on the zwitterionic complexes (py)M[P(C{CPh2}O)3Nb(N[Np]Ar)3] (M = Cu, Ag, and Au) showed them to be isostructural in the space groupP21/c while illustrating the ensconcement of a two-coordinate coinage metal in a deep binding pocket flanked by three phenyl residues. Rhodium(I) incorporation into the anion's binding pocket illustrated versatility of the latter: in contrast to structural observations for the M(I) complexes (M = Cu, Ag, and Au), in the case of Rh[P(C{CPh2}O)3Nb(N[Np]Ar)3] an X-ray study reveals strong interactions (η6 and η2, respectively) with two of the three phenyl residues that are proximal to Rh(I) when connected to the phosphine lone pair of the anion.

Graphical abstract: A trigonal and hindered tertiary phosphine ligand rendered anionic by a niobate anchor: Formation of zwitterionic M(i) (M = Cu, Ag, Au, Rh) complexes

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jun 2011, accepted on 19 Jul 2011 and first published on 16 Aug 2011


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C1SC00375E
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2011,2, 2166-2172
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    A trigonal and hindered tertiary phosphine ligand rendered anionic by a niobate anchor: Formation of zwitterionic M(I) (M = Cu, Ag, Au, Rh) complexes

    S. E. Creutz, I. Krummenacher, C. R. Clough and C. C. Cummins, Chem. Sci., 2011, 2, 2166
    DOI: 10.1039/C1SC00375E

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