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Issue 3, 2011
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Effect of titanium dioxide crystalline structure on the photocatalytic production of hydrogen

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Abstract

The effect of the crystalline phase of TiO2 (anatase, rutile and brookite) on its photocatalytic activity in hydrogen production from methanolwater vapours has been investigated by testing a series of both home-made and commercial TiO2 photocatalysts, either bare or surface-modified by deposition of a fixed amount, i.e. 1 wt%, of platinum as co-catalyst. For all of the TiO2 samples the rate of hydrogen production increased by one order of magnitude upon Pt deposition, because of the ability of Pt to enhance the separation of photoproduced electron–hole pairs. Under irradiation in the 350–450 nm wavelength range, brookite and anatase showed similar photoactivities, both superior to that of rutile. By contrast, rutile, possessing a narrower band gap, was active also under visible light (λ > 400 nm), whereas no hydrogen evolution was observed with anatase and brookite under such conditions. Surface area proved to be a key parameter, strongly influencing photoactivity. However, as the particle size became ultra-small, the semiconductor absorption edge was blue-shifted because of size quantisation effects, with a consequent decrease in hydrogen production rate due to the smaller portion of incident photons absorbed by the photocatalyst.

Graphical abstract: Effect of titanium dioxide crystalline structure on the photocatalytic production of hydrogen

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Jun 2010, accepted on 06 Aug 2010 and first published on 03 Sep 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0PP00154F
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2011,10, 355-360
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    Effect of titanium dioxide crystalline structure on the photocatalytic production of hydrogen

    G. L. Chiarello, A. Di Paola, L. Palmisano and E. Selli, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2011, 10, 355
    DOI: 10.1039/C0PP00154F

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