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Issue 5, 2011
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Monodisperse NaYbF4 : Tm3+/NaGdF4 core/shell nanocrystals with near-infrared to near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence and magnetic resonance properties

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Abstract

We report core/shell NaYbF4 : Tm3+/NaGdF4 nanocrystals to be used as probes for bimodal near infrared to near infrared (NIR-to-NIR) upconversion photoluminescence (UCPL) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The NaYbF4 : Tm3+ nanocrystals were previously reported to produce the intense NIR-to-NIR UCPL peaked at ∼800 nm under excitation at ∼975 nm. We have found that the growth of a NaGdF4 shell on surface of the NaYbF4 : Tm3+ nanocrystals results in the increase in the intensity of UCPL of Tm3+ ions by about 3 times. Unlike biexponential PL decay of NaYbF4 : Tm3+ nanocrystals, the PL decay of NaYbF4 : Tm3+/NaGdF4 core/shell nanocrystals is single exponential and of longer lifetime due to the suppression of surface quenching effects for Tm3+ PL. The growth of a NaGdF4 shell on surface of the NaYbF4 : Tm3+ nanocrystals also provides high MR relaxivity from paramagnetic Gd3+ ions contained in the shell. The T1-weighted MR signal of the (NaYbF4:2% Tm3+)/NaGdF4 nanoparticles was measured to be about 2.6 mM−1s−1. Due to the combined presence of efficient optical and MR imaging capabilities, nanoprobes based on NaYbF4 : Tm3+/NaGdF4 fluoride nanophosphors can be considered as a promising platform for simultaneous bimodal PL and MR bioimaging.

Graphical abstract: Monodisperse NaYbF4 : Tm3+/NaGdF4 core/shell nanocrystals with near-infrared to near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence and magnetic resonance properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Dec 2010, accepted on 09 Feb 2011 and first published on 03 Mar 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0NR01018A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2011,3, 2003-2008
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    Monodisperse NaYbF4 : Tm3+/NaGdF4 core/shell nanocrystals with near-infrared to near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence and magnetic resonance properties

    G. Chen, T. Y. Ohulchanskyy, W. C. Law, H. Ågren and P. N. Prasad, Nanoscale, 2011, 3, 2003
    DOI: 10.1039/C0NR01018A

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