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Issue 4, 2011
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Porous SnO2 nanospheres as sensitive gas sensors for volatile organic compounds detection

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Abstract

Porous SnO2 nanospheres with high surface areas have been synthesized through a solvothermal method in the absence of any templates. The structure and morphology of the resultant products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and nitrogen adsorption–desorption technique. The as-prepared SnO2 porous nanospheres with the diameters ranging from 90–150 nm are composed of small nanocrystals with average sizes of less than 10 nm. Results demonstrated that the formation of porous SnO2 nanospheres is ascribed to etching the center part of the nanospheres. It was found that hydrochloric acid and NaClO played important roles in determining the final morphologies of the porous SnO2 nanospheres. The gas sensing properties of the as-prepared porous SnO2 nanospheres were investigated. By the comparative gas sensing tests, the porous SnO2 nanospheres exhibited a superior gas sensing performance toward ppb level 2-chloroethanol and formaldehyde vapor, implying promising applications in detecting toxic volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Graphical abstract: Porous SnO2 nanospheres as sensitive gas sensors for volatile organic compounds detection

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Sep 2010, accepted on 01 Jan 2011 and first published on 31 Jan 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0NR00728E
Citation: Nanoscale, 2011,3, 1646-1652
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    Porous SnO2 nanospheres as sensitive gas sensors for volatile organic compounds detection

    Z. Li, Q. Zhao, W. Fan and J. Zhan, Nanoscale, 2011, 3, 1646
    DOI: 10.1039/C0NR00728E

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