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When two metallic surfaces supporting plasmonic excitation are brought into close proximity of each other, a nanogap (of width on the subwavelength scale) will form, which boosts greatly the local optical field. Based on this idea, we fabricated two types of three-dimensional plasmonic substrates with such nanogaps, taking advantage of both atomic layer deposition (ALD) and the capillary effect. Owing to the counteraction of the gap-reducing and capillary, nanogaps with different widths and profiles have been formed on the scaffold of aligned ZnOnanorods and shown to induce large field enhancement with enhancement factor up to 2.64 × 106 for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS).
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