Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 3, 2011
Previous Article Next Article

Facile synthesis of metal oxide/reduced graphene oxide hybrids with high lithium storage capacity and stable cyclability

Author affiliations

Abstract

We report an environment-friendly approach to synthesize transition metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs)/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets hybrids by combining the reduction of graphene oxide (GO) with the growth of metal oxide NPs in one step. Either Fe2O3 or CoO NPs were grown onto rGO sheets in ethanol solution through a solvothermal process, during which GOs were reduced to rGO without the addition of any strong reducing agent, e.g.hydrazine, or requiring any post-high-temperature annealing process. The GO or rGO during the precipitation of metal oxide NPs may act as heterogeneous nucleation seeds to facilitate the formation of small crystal grains. This may allow more efficient diffusion of Li ions and lead to high specific capacities. These metal oxide NPs–rGO hybrids were used as anodes for Li-ion batteries, which showed high capacities and excellent charge–discharge cycling stability in the voltage window between 0.01 and 3.0 V. For example, Fe2O3 NPs/rGO hybrids showed specific capacity of 881 mA h g−1 in the 90th cycle at a discharge current density of 302 mA g−1 (0.3 C), while CoO NPs/rGO hybrids showed a lower capacity of 600 mA h g−1 in the 90th cycle at a discharge current density of 215 mA g−1 (0.3 C). These nanohybrids also show excellent capacities at high C rate currents, e.g. 611 mA h g−1 for Fe2O3/rGO sample in the 300th cycle at 2014 mA g−1 (2 C). Such synthesis technique can be a promising route to produce advanced electrode materials for Li-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Facile synthesis of metal oxide/reduced graphene oxide hybrids with high lithium storage capacity and stable cyclability

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 05 Oct 2010, accepted on 17 Nov 2010 and first published on 22 Dec 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0NR00744G
Citation: Nanoscale, 2011,3, 1084-1089
  •   Request permissions

    Facile synthesis of metal oxide/reduced graphene oxide hybrids with high lithium storage capacity and stable cyclability

    J. Zhu, T. Zhu, X. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. W. Lou, X. Chen, H. Zhang, H. H. Hng and Q. Yan, Nanoscale, 2011, 3, 1084
    DOI: 10.1039/C0NR00744G

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements