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Issue 11, 2011
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Production of reactive oxygen species in endothelial cells under different pulsatile shear stresses and glucose concentrations

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Abstract

A hemodynamic Lab-on-a-chip system was developed in this study. This system has two unique features: (1) it consists of a microfluidic network with an array of endothelial cell seeding sites for testing them under multiple conditions, and (2) the flow rate and the frequency of the culture medium in the microchannel are controlled by a pulsation free pump to mimic the flow profile of the blood in the blood vessel under different physiological conditions. The investigated physiological conditions were: (1) the resting condition in a normal shear stress of 15 dyne cm−2 with a normal heart rate of 70 bpm, (2) an exhaustive exercise condition with a high shear stress of 30 dyne cm−2 and a fast heart rate of 140 bpm, and (3) a constant high shear stress of 30 dyne cm−2. Two chemical conditions were investigated (10 mM and 20 mM glucose) to mimic hyperglycemic conditions in diabetes patients. The effects of various shear stresses either alone or in combination with different glucose concentrations on endothelial cells were examined using the developed hemodynamic Lab-on-a-chip system by assessing two parameters. One is the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) determined by a fluorescent probe, H2DCFDA. Another is the mitochondrial morphology revealed with a fluorescent dye, MitoTracker Green FM. The results showed that ROS level was elevated nearly 4-fold after 60 min of exhaustive exercise. We found that the pulsatile nature of the fluid was the determination factor for causing ROS generation in the cells as almost no increase of ROS was detected in the constant shear stress condition. Similarly, much higher level of ROS was detected when 10 mM glucose was applied to the cells under normal or high pulsatile shear stresses compared with under a static condition. These results suggest that it is necessary to use pulsatile shear stress to represent the physiological conditions of the blood flow, and demonstrate the advantage of utilizing this newly developed hemodynamic Lab-on-a-chip system over the conventional non-pulsatile system in the future shear stress related studies.

Graphical abstract: Production of reactive oxygen species in endothelial cells under different pulsatile shear stresses and glucose concentrations

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Dec 2010, accepted on 07 Feb 2011 and first published on 03 Mar 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00651C
Citation: Lab Chip, 2011,11, 1856-1863
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    Production of reactive oxygen species in endothelial cells under different pulsatile shear stresses and glucose concentrations

    L. K. Chin, J. Q. Yu, Y. Fu, T. Yu, A. Q. Liu and K. Q. Luo, Lab Chip, 2011, 11, 1856
    DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00651C

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