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Issue 11, 2011
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Wide-field single metal nanoparticle spectroscopy for high throughput localized surface plasmon resonance sensing

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Abstract

Noble metal nanoparticles (mNPs) have a distinct extinction spectrum arising from their ability to support Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR). Single-particle biosensing with LSPR is label free and offers a number of advantages, including single molecular sensitivity, multiplex detection, and in vivo quantification of chemical species etc. In this article, we introduce Single-particle LSPR Imaging (SLI), a wide-field spectral imaging method for high throughput LSPR biosensing. The SLI utilizes a transmission grating to generate the diffraction spectra from multiple mNPs, which are captured using a Charge Coupled Device (CCD). With the SLI, we are able to simultaneously image and track the spectral changes of up to 50 mNPs in a single (∼1 s) exposure and yet still retain a reasonable spectral resolution for biosensing. Using the SLI, we could observe spectral shift under different local refractive index environments and demonstrate biosensing using biotin-streptavidin as a model system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time a transmission grating based spectral imaging approach has been used for mNPs LSPR sensing. The higher throughput LSPR sensing, offered by SLI, opens up a new possibility of performing label-free, single-molecule experiments in a high-throughput manner.

Graphical abstract: Wide-field single metal nanoparticle spectroscopy for high throughput localized surface plasmon resonance sensing

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Nov 2010, accepted on 14 Feb 2011 and first published on 28 Feb 2011


Article type: Technical Note
DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00644K
Citation: Lab Chip, 2011,11, 1895-1901
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    Wide-field single metal nanoparticle spectroscopy for high throughput localized surface plasmon resonance sensing

    K. H. Chen, J. Hobley, Y. L. Foo and X. Su, Lab Chip, 2011, 11, 1895
    DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00644K

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